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Effects of Previous or Synchronous Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer on Clinical Results after Radical Nephroureterectomy for Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma: A Multi-Institutional Study

Bup Wan Kim, Yun-Sok Ha, Jun Nyung Lee, Hyun Tae Kim, Tae-Hwan Kim, Jung Keun Lee, Seok-Soo Byun, Young Deuk Choi, Ho Won Kang, Seok-Joong Yun, Wun-Jae Kim, Young Suk Kwon, Tae Gyun Kwon
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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of the presence of previous or synchronous non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) on the oncologic outcomes of radical nephroureterectomy in patients with upper tract urothelial carci­noma (UTUC).

Materials and Methods: In total, 505 patients with UTUC were enrolled from four different institutions. The clinicopathologic parameters of patients with and without previous or synchronous NMIBC were compared, and Kaplan-Meier estimates and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed.

Results: The median follow-up period was 38.4 months. In all, 408 patients had primary UTUC, 45 (8.9%) had a history of NMIBC, 59 (11.7%) had concomitant bladder cancer, and seven (1.4%) had experienced both. Tumors in patients with associated NMIBC were more commonly multifocal (P = .001) and associ­ated with surgical margin positivity (P = .001). Kaplan-Meier estimates revealed that previous or synchro­nous NMIBC was significantly associated with bladder recurrence (P < .001) and locoregional recurrence/ distant metastasis (P = .008). A multivariate Cox regression model identified previous or synchronous NMIBC as an independent predictor of bladder recurrence (P < .001). However, the presence of previ­ous or synchronous NMIBC was not a prognostic indicator of locoregional recurrence/distant metastasis.

Conclusion: In patients with UTUC, previous or synchronous NMIBC was significantly associated with an increased risk of cancer recurrences in the bladder after radical nephroureterectomy. The present find­ings suggest that a close monitoring should be required for the patients with previous or concomitant NMIBC.

 




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/uj.v12i4.2831

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